Basal Cell Skin Carcinoma

Basal cell skin carcinoma (BCC) is usually the most common skin cancer that occurs in people with light skin tone. Basal cell skin cancer usually appears on the parts of the body that are often exposed to the sun light such as the head, face, neck and arms. This type of cancer, while a common occurrence, has a slow growth rate and typically, it does not spread to other body parts.

Basal cell skin is usually effectively treated and re-growth is less common. In people with dark colored skin, this type of cancer is not at all common. Basal cell carcinomas appear throughout the affected area in varying forms but most of the times as some sort of pustule or cyst. This can look pretty bad and it can cause many colorless skin patches. The risk for developing BCC is greater for people who have had a large amount of concentrated exposure to UV light and sometimes in people who have had significant chemical exposure to substances such as arsenic.

There are many variations to the basal cell carcinoma which include nodular, cystic, pigmented, superficial, micronodular and morpheaform. The most common form of basal cell carcinoma is nodular and most often appears as a colored papule with a discolored and crater-like center. While the other types of basal cell carcinomas are less common they can also create skin problems. All types of suspected cell carcinomas should be given a biopsy to first diagnose the skin problem. In general, if the area is not very large, the initial biopsy can entirely remove the problem. Even if the biopsy result shows base cell carcinoma, the removal will clear the cancer from continued growth. Larger suspect areas will be biopsied first and then removed completely only when malignancy is discovered.

Frequently some focused radiation therapy will be used on the area as well. The procedure for removing basal cell carcinomas is straightforward and generally painless. The tumor or cyst is scraped out and then the area is cauterized, sealing the skin and preventing further infection and bleeding. The scar tissue that remains is left to heal itself. Basal cell skin carcinoma can lead o many problems because of the unusual appearance. A plastic surgeon can be of service in cosmetically improving areas of basal cell skin cancer with lasers or other techniques. If one looks for basal cell skin cancer syndrome he should be looking for bumps on the skin with a pearlescent appearance, lesions that are tough to the touch, areas that bleed, red spot or blood vessels that are raised and more pronounced than usual. A dermatologist should be immediately seen as only by making a fast and effective diagnosis can one hope to have a full recovery.

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